8 Benefits Of Catfish Farming You May Not Know

Benefits of Catfish Farming in Nigeria

If you intend to venture into catfish farming but are not sure about the benefits and profitability, this post is designed to help your decision.

Every business has its ups and downs. The same applies to catfish farming. However, the benefits derived from fish farming are huge and that’s where we will dwell in this post.

Catfish farming involves building concrete ponds, earthen ponds, tarpaulin, fertilizing the pond, stocking, frequent water change, and feeding the fish till you are ready to start selling them.

What benefits do you get from fish farming? If you’re already a fish farmer reading this post this question is for you. Use the comment section to share your thoughts.

Why Catfish Farming

Catfish is an important dietary and protein source and has become a source of livelihood for many in Africa and beyond. This type of fish is popular and is the most desirable and preferred fish in Africa.

One good thing about African catfish is that it enjoys a warm climate and can be grown in earth ponds, concrete ponds, and tanks. They grow to reach a market size of between 1 and 1.5 kg within a short time (5-6 months).

African catfish are both carnivorous and herbivorous and that makes them eat almost everything they can find in nature.

That notwithstanding, feeding them with high-quality feed to ensure fast growth and optimal weight/size.

See our article on the cost of feeding 1000 catfish. Also, understand that to maximize profit, especially as a new farmer, you must learn how to make catfish feed to reduce the cost of feeding.

Catfish is considered to be rugged unlike other fish, which makes it survive and grow in brackish and low-oxygen water. It can tolerate high density (biomass) per M3 water.

Benefits of Catfish Farming in Nigeria

What are the benefits of catfish farming in Nigeria? The benefits of catfish farming in Nigeria and other parts of Africa can be viewed from different angles.

They affect individuals, communities, and the country’s macro-economy. Their importance can be viewed in measurable economic and business terms as well as non-measurable terms, such as health and education.

Some of the catfish farming benefits include:

1. Catfish farming reduces fish importation and saves foreign currency expenditure.

2. Boost economic development of GDP.

3. Reduce unemployment, poverty, and political unrest. The business helps to increase the number of possible jobs in the market as it provides both new products for the market and creates job opportunities required to maintain the growth of the business.

4. It reduces malnutrition, illnesses, and medical costs.

5. Utilization of unexploited resources land, water, and labour.

These can be viewed as the economic importance of catfish farming.

Other Benefits

Apart from the few points mentioned above, there are other benefits. These benefits derived from catfish farming include but are not limited to the following:

It is Easy to Set Up

Anyone can establish a fish farming business within his compound to increase accessibility and reduce the costs of transportation.

Serves as a Source of Omega-3

Just like other fish, catfish is a good source of Omega 3 fatty acids which are beneficial to the human heart and brain.

Omega 3 is not produced in the human body and it can only be gotten from an external source. That is where fish comes in to serve that purpose.

Easy to Maintain

Unlike other livestock farming, catfish require simple maintenance ranging from feeding and frequent water change.

Meanwhile, adequate training is a must to avoid mistakes that will lead to losses. With adequate knowledge, expertise, and resources, fish can be very easy to handle.

It is Profitable

There is no doubt that the catfish business is one of the most lucrative agricultural business ventures. Every aspect of this business produces income.

Think of organizing training, feed production, smoking of the fish, fingerlings production, farm tours, etc. All these are areas to keep the money coming.

With a well-written business plan, resources needed, and expertise you can easily have great success in the business. With good management, you can be making between N1 million and N3 million profit monthly.

Constand Demand and Supply

Every family needs meat or fish to cook their meal. The demand for the product will not decrease. As long as people continue to eat food, the demand for fish will remain.

This means that demand will remain stable all year round and since fish grow at a faster rate, there will always be enough to supply. Investing in fish farming would result in the stable stream of profits over time

Currently, catfish is relatively cheaper than red meat, and other types of fish in the market. This makes it a fast-selling commodity.

It is therefore an attractive venture as it remains the top choice for consumers in terms of affordability.

Causes no Hazard in the Environment

The rearing of catfish has no environmental hazard like the poultry business. It makes no noise and does not pollute the environment.

Catfish farming generally is environmentally friendly but that does not stop you from channeling your waste properly.

An Easy Addition to General Farm Activities

Farmers can easily incorporate fish farming with their already existing crop farming and other livestock farming.

In crop farming, water from the fish farm can replace other forms of organic mature because it serves as manure. Having it as an addition to your existing farm will improve your profit while conserving water and other resources.

Reduces Unemployment

Assuming that 10 million Nigerian youths are fish farmers and each employs at least two persons, about 20 million Nigerians will be productively engaged.

Catfish farming is one of the businesses that people are advocating for the youths to venture into due to its numerous advantages.

Sometime in the year 2015, a State House Representative by the name Lynda Ikpeazu organized a two-day fish farming training for youths and women of her constituency in a bid to reduce youth unemployment in Anambra State.

The training lasted for 3days was handled by the Nigerian Institute for Oceanography and Marine Research, Lagos.

At the end of the training, the college issued certificates and N50,000 each to 150 participants from the lawmakers as take-off funds to start their fish farms. Why I mention this is to tell your how important catfish farming is to local communities


Catfish farming has proven to have more benefits compared to most farming businesses both in Nigeria and other parts of the world.

There is no limit to the benefits you can derive from the catfish farming business. You can turn your knowledge and training into money through, consultation, fingerlings production, feed production and sales, readable material such as books, handouts, and ebooks, and general setup training.

What other benefits do you think one can get from fish farming that are not listed in this post? Kindly share your thoughts with us using the comment box.


1. What are the advantages of catfish farming over other types of aquaculture?

Catfish farming has several advantages, including its adaptability to various environmental conditions, high growth rates, and efficient feed conversion. Catfish also exhibit hardiness and disease resistance, making them a preferred choice for aquaculture.

2. How does catfish farming contribute to the economy and employment?

Catfish farming can significantly contribute to the local economy by generating income through the sale of fish products. Moreover, it creates job opportunities in various sectors, such as fish production, processing, transportation, and marketing, thus aiding in employment generation.

3. What environmental benefits does catfish farming offer?

Catfish farming, when done sustainably, can have positive environmental impacts. It can alleviate pressure on wild fish populations by meeting the demand for fish protein. Additionally, proper waste management practices in catfish farming can minimize environmental pollution.

5. How does catfish farming contribute to food security?

Catfish farming plays a crucial role in ensuring food security by providing a consistent and affordable source of protein. It helps meet the increasing demand for fish protein globally, especially in regions where access to diverse protein sources is limited.

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