How to Make Catfish Feed at Home to Maximize Profit | Marywil Farms

How to Make Catfish Feed at Home to Maximize Profit

make catfish feed at home

Did you know that most fish farmers in Nigeria rely on commercially produced feed for their catfish? This comprehensive guide on homemade catfish feed is for you. In this article, we will show you how to make nutrient-rich catfish feed at home.

There is a vast untapped opportunity to create homemade catfish feed right in your own kitchen! Not only does it allow you to have complete control over the ingredients and quality of the feed, but it can also save you money in the long run.

Catfish farming is one of the money-spinning businesses anyone can have either as the first or second source of income. Practical knowledge is, therefore, needed before venturing into the business to avoid losses. It is advisable to get trained or rather seek expert advice going forward.

Did you know that feeding takes up to 70% of the total expenses in catfish farming? We have that covered in our article on the cost of feeding 1000 catfish.  Any serious catfish farmer who wants to succeed must learn how to make his feed at home or on his farm.

In this article, you will see a step-by-step process of making nutritious catfish feed that will give you a good feed conversion ratio. By following these instructions, you’ll say goodbye to expensive commercial feeds.

Key Takeaways:

  • To make or start making catfish feed at home is a viable alternative to relying solely on commercial options.
  • Creating your feed gives you control over the ingredients and quality of the feed.
  • Making homemade catfish feed can be a cost-effective solution for catfish farmers in Nigeria.
  • The step-by-step process will help you create a nutritious and balanced catfish feed recipe.
  • By making your catfish feed, you can contribute to the sustainability of your farming practices.

Understanding the Nutritional Needs of Catfish

Understanding the nutritional needs of catfish is the first step to successful catfish farming. Catfish thrive on protein-rich diets and essential nutrients like vitamins and minerals. This implies that preparing a well-balanced homemade feed rich in protein from sources such as fishmeal and soybean meal serves them their favorite dish at every mealtime!

Just like we need vitamins, catfish need theirs too. Incorporating a variety of vitamins and minerals into their feed is important to their growth. These nutrients keep them healthy, boost their immune systems, and help them grow bigger and stronger.

By providing these essential nutritional needs, catfish farmers set the stage for a successful catfish farming operation. It is not just about their well-being; it is also about reaping those financial rewards in the long haul.

Essential Ingredients for Producing Catfish Feed

When making catfish feed, it is important to include a variety of ingredients that provide the necessary nutrients for catfish farming. A well-balanced feed will support their growth and overall health.

ProteinSupports muscle growth and repair
CarbohydratesProvides energy
FatsAids in nutrient absorption
VitaminsRegulates various bodily functions
MineralsEssential for overall health and development
Essential Ingredients.

Protein: Protein is a crucial element in catfish feed as it promotes muscle development and growth. Incorporating protein-rich ingredients ensures that your catfish receive the necessary amino acids for their nutrition. Some common sources of protein for catfish feed include:

  • Fishmeal
  • Soybean meal
  • Poultry by-product meal
  • Wheat gluten meal
  • Shrimp meal

Carbohydrates: Carbohydrates provide the necessary energy for catfish. Including carbohydrates in their feed ensures that they have the fuel they need for their daily activities. Some catfish feed carbohydrate sources include:

  • Rice bran
  • Wheat bran
  • Corn meal
  • Sorghum
  • Cassava meal

Vitamins and Minerals: Vitamins and minerals are essential for the overall health and well-being of catfish. These nutrients support various bodily functions and help boost the immune system. When making catfish feed, be sure to include the following vitamins and minerals:

  • Vitamin C
  • Vitamin D
  • Vitamin E
  • Magnesium
  • Zinc

Other Ingredients

In addition to the key components mentioned above, you can also include other ingredients to enhance the flavor, texture, and palatability of the catfish feed. Some examples include:

  • Fish oil
  • Garlic powder
  • Yeast
  • Salt
  • Phytase enzyme

By carefully selecting and combining these ingredients, you’ll be able to create a well-rounded catfish feed that meets their nutritional needs.

Necessary Equipment for the Feed Production 

Crafting quality DIY catfish feed does require some specialized gear for ease of preparation, processing, and storage. Some of the basic tools include:

Mixing Tools: Proper mixing equipment helps combine ingredients evenly for consistent nutrition: 

  • Large bins, buckets, or drums for batch mixing
  • Mixers/blenders may be needed for dense dough

Pelletizing Machine: Feed pelletizers compress ingredients into easy to eat, quickly digestible pellets:

  • Motorized pellet mills for commercial operations 
  • Manual pellet presses for smaller hobby production

Drying Tools: Before storage, pellets must dry to:

  • Halt microbial growth
  • Reduce spoilage
  • Prevent vitamin degradation

Storage Containers: Sealed bins keep feed:

  • Free from pests 
  • Safe from vermin
  • Protected from air/moisture

Guide on How to Make Catfish Feed at Home

Catfish feed formulation is done using different methods. For this post, we will be combining both the formula and the measurement. You can call the method below formula 1.

Let’s say you have 1000 catfish stocked in your pond! Here is what to do.

               MaterialMeasurement (kg)
Premix sachet  0.25%1 kg
Palm oil/ vegetable oil50kg
Palm kern cake18.8kg
Blood meal 80% CP50kg
Fish meal 56% CP225kg
Soybean meal400kg
Groundnut cake50kg
Lysine – HCI5kg
Total Weight1000kg
Formula Credit: Feed Calculator

Note: The provided materials and measurements can produce both sinking and floating feed. Here is how to go about the production;

• Thoroughly mix all the listed ingredients to achieve a consistent blend. Before combining, ensure maize, soybeans, and groundnuts are finely powdered.

• Your feed is prepared for use once this process is completed. Make use of extruder to pelletize the feed if you have access to one

In the absence of an extruder:

• Mix the required quantity of the blend with hot water

• Use a local pellet machine or hand-mold the feed into desired sizes and give them to the catfish

Meaning of Terms

Blood Meal: is cooked and dried blood of cattle, goats, sheep, pigs, or chickens.

CP (Crude Protein): Indicates protein content

Methionine: is an essential amino acid in feed.

Lysine –HCI: Used to optimize lysine amino acid in feed.

Premix: Contains essential nutrients absent in raw materials for production.

Homemade Catfish Food Recipes

If you are looking for a more affordable and healthier way to feed your catfish, homemade catfish food recipes are a great option. Here are a few recipes that you can try at home:

Kitchen Scraps and Ingredients

One of the easiest ways to make homemade catfish food is by using kitchen scraps and other safe ingredients. You can use a variety of ingredients such as vegetables, fruits, and grains. Here’s a simple recipe that you can try:

  • Combine cooked rice, chopped vegetables (such as carrots, peas, and spinach), and a small amount of fish oil in a blender.
  • Blend the ingredients until they are finely chopped and mixed.
  • Form the mixture into small balls and feed them to your catfish.

Preparing Balanced Meals

If you want to ensure that your catfish are getting a balanced diet, you can prepare meals that include a variety of ingredients. Here’s a recipe for a balanced catfish meal:

  • Combine cooked shrimp, chopped vegetables (such as broccoli, kale, and sweet potatoes), and a small amount of fish oil in a blender.
  • Blend the ingredients until they are finely chopped and mixed.
  • Add in a small amount of wheat germ and spirulina powder to the mixture.
  • Form the mixture into small balls and feed them to your catfish.

It is important to note that homemade catfish food should only be used as a supplement to their regular diet. Consult with an expert before making any significant changes to your catfish’s diet.


The production of cost-effective, sustainable, and customized catfish feed can easily be achieved by farmers right at home, delivering immense advantages over commercial feeds. By following the step-by-step process outlined in this guide, you can create nutritious catfish feed at home, supporting the growth and development of your catfish.

Providing your catfish with a balanced and nutrient-rich diet is crucial for their overall health. The homemade catfish feed recipe we have discussed ensures that your catfish receive the necessary protein, carbohydrates, vitamins, and minerals to thrive.

Remember to monitor your catfish growth regularly and make necessary adjustments to the feed to meet their nutritional needs. With dedication, proper nutrition, and optimal feed management, you can achieve significant growth and profitability in your catfish farming venture.

One should not neglect local catfish feed formulation. With many formulas available, choosing the right one is important. Making your feed saves money and boosts profits in fish farming. Start making homemade catfish feed to save money and increase profits in catfish farming.

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