Difference Between Earthen Pond and Concrete Pond

byVictana March 31, 2023 livestock farming 8 Comments
difference between earthen pond and concrete pond
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Welcome back. In today’s post, we will be looking at the difference between an earthen pond and a concrete pond.

Remember that this post is not meant for comparison of any sort. However, at the end of the post, you can be able to make a choice of the one you prefer to make use of.

This write-up is to help new and intending catfish farmers to know the industry they intend to venture into.

Also, understand that there are advantages and disadvantages of earthen pond which you must be aware of. We have a piece on advantages and disadvantages of concrete pond you may also want to look at.

Difference between Earthen Pond and Concrete Pond

Earthen ponds and concrete ponds are the two most common types of ponds used in fish farming. While both serve the same purpose, there are significant differences between the two types of ponds.

Earthen Pond

An earthen pond is basically constructed by excavating the ground and lining it with clay soil. In most cases, other soil types mixed with clay soil could be used to hold water in the pond.

They are typically shallow, with a depth of around 1-2 meters, and have a sloping bottom that facilitates drainage.

Earthen ponds are often used for commercial fish farming where fish are raised at low densities. This pond type also reduces the cost of feeding as the fish sometimes rely on natural food sources.

One of the main advantages of earthen pond is their low cost of construction. They require minimal materials and labor, making them an ideal choice for small-scale fish farmers with limited resources.

However, earthen ponds are more susceptible to leaks, which can result in water loss and poor water quality. They also require regular maintenance, including re-lining and periodic removal of sediment.

Concrete Pond

On the other hand, concrete ponds are made from concrete blocks and mutters. The walls and floors are mostly reinforced with irons and concrete depending on the capacity one is building.

They are typically deeper than earthen ponds and can range from 2-5 meters in depth. Concrete ponds are used for commercial fish farming where fish are stocked at higher densities.

In this type of pond, the fish rely more on commercial feed. Another alternative for natural feed is to grow duckweed in the pond.

To make the fishes feel they are in their natural habitat by growing duckweed for your catfish, you must know what duckweed need to survive.

Concrete pond also offers a more durable and long-lasting solution. They are less prone to leakage and can be designed to include filtration and aeration systems that can improve water quality.

However, the cost of construction is higher than earthen ponds. In terms of fish growth, earthen ponds record bigger fish than concrete ponds.


In summary, the main differences between an earthen pond and a concrete pond are their cost, durability, suitability and the growth of the fish.

Earthen ponds are cost effective but require regular maintenance, while concrete ponds are more expensive but offer a more durable and efficient solution for intensive fish farming.

8 responses to “Difference Between Earthen Pond and Concrete Pond”

  1. Pls kindly furnish me with adequate method of construction for farming about 10,000 fish farming using earthen pond.
    Please can both cat fish and Tilapia fishes be farm together on same pond bearing in mind that ocean or sea contain different kind of fishes.
    Thank you.

  2. Can there be a combination of earthen and concrete pond in one, where the sides are concrete while the base is earthen (bare)?

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