Top 3 Best Catfish Feed Formula to Boost Your Fish Growth

byVictana April 15, 2022 livestock farming 51 Comments
Best catfish feed formula
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In this article, we are going to introduce to you what we call the best catfish feed formula. We will make available four different formulas so you can pick each formula one after the other during production.

Catfish feed formulation has been an area of difficulty and challenge for many farmers due to the knowledge gap. Lack of experience makes it difficult to make fish feed at home due to the exorbitant cost of foreign feeds.

Producing your feed locally will reduce the cost of feeding by 40%. Feeding constitutes the largest portion of the cost of production covering about 70% of money spent by the farmers. See our article on the cost of feeding 1000 catfish to have an idea of what we are discussing.

Production of feeds would be easy when farmers know the formula that will serve them the best. Farmers also need to know how to play around with the local ingredients to reduce the amount spent on imported feeds. When you understand this, you will enjoy all the benefits of catfish farming.

You will agree with me that it is important that a farmer understands the tactics or secrets that it entails to produce fish feed. Feeds are not produced just for production’s sake but they are produced to meet the nutritional requirements of the fish.

It is important to understand the types of ingredients needed to produce high-quality fish feed. Today, we are going to look into the formula or formulas best for producing quality feed for your catfish. The formulas we have can be sourced in the local market near you.

Best Formula(s) for Catfish Feed

Quality feed should contain some essential nutrients that are required for fish optimal growth and performance. The four most important nutrients that must be present while formulating any kind of feed are protein, carbohydrates, vitamins and minerals, and fats and oil.

Each of the tables below represents a formula for catfish feed that will best serve your needs. You can select one after the other for production. Any formula you want to make use of and you want to produce higher than the kg we have already given, what you need to do is to multiply to suit your need.

Why are we doing this?

The primary reason is to reduce your expenditure on purchasing imported feeds. As foreign fish feeds become increasingly expensive due to various economic factors, producing your feed locally becomes not just a viable alternative but a cost-effective one.

Formula 1

IngredientsQuantity (kg)
Soybean meal30kg
Groundnut cake20kg
Fish meal (75%)25kg
Fish premix0.5
Vitamin C0.1
Dicalcium phosphate (DCP)1
Total105 kg
catfish feed formula 1

Formula 2

IngredientsQuantity (kg)
Cassava flakes (Garri)0.5kg
Broiler super starter1.5kg
Extracted GMC1kg
Wheat offal0.5kg
Soybean meal1.5kg
Fish meals1kg
Vegetable oilSmall quantity
Total8 kg
catfish feed formula 2

Formula 3

IngredientsQuantity (kg)
Cassava flakes (Garri)10kg
Broiler super starter50kg
Soybean meal10kg
Vegetable oil½ kg
Total80 kg
catfish feed formula 3

Key Nutrients for Quality Feed

Fish feed quality is necessary for growth and optimal performance. Four important nutrients must be present while formulating any kind of feed. There are protein, carbohydrates, vitamins and minerals, and fats and oil.
1. Protein 

This is the most essential of all the nutrients because that is what the fish needs the most for its growth. The nutrient for building body tissue and replacement of damaged tissue. It also facilitates the growth of the fish. It can be obtained from plant and animal sources. Groundnut cake and bloodmeal, fish meal, soybean meal, and methionine are sources of protein.

2. Carbohydrate

This nutrient is equally needed in fish for energy production. Carbohydrate provides the energy needed by catfish for living. Grains of cereals, corn, and cassava are the major source of this nutrient.

3Vitamins and minerals:

The growth, health, and body processes of the catfish are controlled by vitamins and minerals. Examples of vitamins include vitamin C, vitamin B-complex, minerals iron, copper, magnesium, calcium

4. Fat and oils: 
Fat contains vital fatty acids and also enhances energy in the feed. An example is Palm kernel cake (PKC), vegetable oil, and groundnut oil


The journey into catfish farming is smooth when you operate with the right tools and feed. Feeding constitutes 70% of the expenditure in fish farming. Therefore, it is important to learn how to make catfish feed to reduce costs. That’s the reason we offered the top 3 formulas for catfish farming for you to maximize profit and achieve desired fish growth on your farm.


Q1: Can I modify the given formulas to suit my specific needs?
Absolutely! You can adjust the formulas as needed to match your production requirements.

Q2: Are these formulas cost-effective for small-scale farmers?
Yes, these formulas are designed to be affordable and suitable for both small-scale and large-scale catfish farmers.

Q3: Where can I find the ingredients for these feed formulas?
Most of the ingredients can be sourced from your local market or suppliers specializing in agricultural products.

In summary, mastering the art of catfish feed formulation is your gateway to cost-effective, successful catfish farming. Share this valuable information with fellow farmers to help them optimize their catfish production.❤️

51 responses to “Top 3 Best Catfish Feed Formula to Boost Your Fish Growth”

  1. This is great because i have been longing for an intro and i have gotten it now. I want to start up a fish farm so pls i will be needing your guidiance wen neccessary.


  2. Wow! God bless you ma/Sir.
    Thank you for the knowledge, please permit me to ask this question, concerning the soya bean, are we using the raw one?

  3. Thanks for this information. Pls do we choose any of these formulas or we use all? If all,at what stage do we apply each

  4. It is 2.05 am. I am blessed to come across this article thank you. Just recently I am thinking of catfish farming.

  5. God bless you ma for this wonderful information. please what’s the quantity of water to be added in mixing those ingredients?

  6. Thanks for your frank and straightforward informations.

    Can I undertake a hand-on-deck training course with you, if so, at what cost and duration?.


    Chris Aghaulor .

  7. Thanks for teaching me how to stock a concrete pond. Will be falling on you for more education. God bless you.

  8. Thanks a lot for this. Please can I use palm kernel cake instead of groundnut cake cos I can’t find groundnut cake in my area PH

  9. Thanks for all info pass to me. I am grateful. But on sales u said 2500. I don’t think that is the price. What we sell now 1200 if the buyers don’t work on u if not 950.

  10. Madam, thanks for the information so far given.

    But whether stating the crude protein arrived using each formula, it will be dangerous applying same for feed formulation.
    The knowledge of Cp of feed for each stage of catfish is very important
    I suggest as follows:

    Fries – Post fingerlings ,Cp 47%
    Juvenile – Post Juvenile, Cp 47%
    Jumbo – Cp 42%
    Melange – Cp 42%
    Table size and above, Cp 42%

  11. Many thanks for insightful education on fish farming. Please what exactly is needed for correct feed formulation at different stages of the fish. I am starting 80k fishpond. I am afraid of formulating my own feed as it may not meet the nutrition requirements of the fish.

  12. Thanks so much, i got into fish farming business 3months now, at a point igot discouraged because of the cost implications. Your article have been helpful to me, i have learnt a lot from it. Going forward, i succeed in the business.

  13. Thanks for the info. I need more knowledge and guidance on this. Especially how to mix together the ingredients mentioned and the equipments needed to produce it

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